Date of Award
Doctor of Education (EdD)
Dr. Roxanne Forgrave
Dr. Sara Spruce (Reader)
Scholarship of Discovery, Scholarship of Teaching and Learning
This quantitative, quasi-experimental study examined the relationships between self-efficacy and reading achievement as mediated by an online instructional delivery system called MobyMax® over a period of time between a pretest and a posttest. The sources of self-efficacy were also investigated for the individual contribution of each of the four sources; process accomplishments or mastery experiences, vicarious experience, verbal persuasion, and physiological states. Finally, the current study explored the relationships across gender and ethnicity (White, Black, Hispanic, and other). Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to organize the data using a mixed factorial ANOVA to analyze the interventions’ and time factor’s impact on reading self-efficacy and reading achievement. A multiple regression was used to calculate the individual contribution of the four sources of self-efficacy on reading achievement, and a t-tests to identify the mean differences across gender. Finally, a One-way ANOVA was used to identify the variance across ethnicities. One statistically significant finding was the mean differences between males and females in reading achievement on both the pretest as well as the posttest. All other findings were not statistically significant. MobyMax® was not shown to make a statistically significant difference, positive or negative, in reading achievement or self-efficacy. More research needs to be conducted to examine the relationship of self-efficacy and achievement in the elementary years.
Wickard, Chad E., "THE IMPACT OF ONLINE INSTRUCTION ON FOURTH GRADE STUDENTS’ READING SELF-EFFICACY AND ACHIEVEMENT" (2018). Ed.D. Dissertations. 115.