Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)

First Advisor

Darcel Y. Brady

Second Advisor

Houston Thompson

Third Advisor

Houston Thompson

Scholarship Domain(s)

Scholarship of Discovery


The Fourth Grade slump has been a phenomenon that was identified over 50 years ago and is most prevalent among students from low achieving schools. This applied research project focused on students using material that was readily available and was free or low cost to help prevent the slump. Students created inference questions, as well as other critical thinking questions, as they read the material. They also played the Set Game daily. Students in this school had historically experienced the fourth grade slump as demonstrated on the standardized tests for the last four years. The study was implemented for one semester and for the first time in five years the fourth grade students did not experience the fourth grade slump.


Ed.D. dissertation completed in 2010 for Olivet Nazarene University.