Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)

First Advisor

Sue E. Rattin

Second Advisor

Darcel Y. Brady

Third Advisor

Houston Thompson

Scholarship Domain(s)

Scholarship of Discovery


This study investigates the comprehension monitoring skills of first-year readers at both a two-year institution and a four-year institution in the Midwest. The Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies Inventory (MARSI) was used to assess skills. The MARSI, developed by Mokhtari and Reichard (2002), assesses reading strategies in the areas of problem-solving, support reading, and global reading. Simple t-tests were used to compare the items on the survey relating to understanding and comprehension monitoring. Results reveal no statistical difference between the students at the two institutions; however, the MARSI was able to show where instructors need to begin instruction to help adult readers deficient in comprehension monitoring strategies.


Ed.D. dissertation completed in 2011 for Olivet Nazarene University.