Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)



First Advisor

James Upchurch

Second Advisor

Sue Moore

Third Advisor

Houston Thompson

Scholarship Domain(s)

Scholarship of Discovery, Scholarship of Community Application


Realizing the need for changes in the design of new school facilities, architects and educators must reach beyond the norms of past designs. This mixed-methods study was conducted at four recently completed high schools. Questionnaires were utilized in the initial phase of research to identify statistically significant differences between the perceptions of teachers and students regarding the physical design characteristics of their learning environment. Structured interview sessions were then conducted with teachers, principals, and architects, to understand their perceptions regarding the involvement of students in the design and planning process of school facilities, and indicated the importance of providing a clear understanding regarding the need for student involvement in the design and planning efforts of 21st-century school facilities.


Ed.D. dissertation completed in 2012 for Olivet Nazarene University.