Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)


Educational Leadership

First Advisor

David B. Van Heemst

Second Advisor

H. Stanton Tuttle

Third Advisor

Houston Thompson

Scholarship Domain(s)

Scholarship of Discovery, Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, Scholarship of Community Application


The purpose of this research was to investigate the correlation between holistic programs administered by local Nazarene congregations and any impact on self-efficacy in order to assess the programs’ impact on community transformation. The goal was to determine if faith has a positive impact on poverty alleviation outcomes and if local congregations can be at least as effective as secular agencies in helping communities make progress out of poverty. The researcher used the New General Self-Efficacy (NGSE) scale to evaluate self-efficacy (Chen, Gully, & Eden, 2001) and found the beneficiaries of the holistic programs of Bangladesh Nazarene Mission had statistically significant greater selfefficacy scores than subjects in communities with no interventions and subjects in communities with secular-based interventions. This study contributes to the body of research regarding faith-based agencies and their effectiveness. It also demonstrates the potential usefulness of the construct of self-efficacy as a measure for poverty interventions.


Ed.D. dissertation completed in 2016 for Olivet Nazarene University.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.