Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 2017

Scholarship Domain(s)

Scholarship of Discovery, Scholarship of Interdisciplinary Integration


This paper serves as a review of the influencing factors of xenophobia and its behavioral products. Two primary categories of influencing factors of xenophobia are discussed: inherent factors and environmental factors. Inherent factors that are considered include genetic factors and personality factors; a variety of perspectives on the impact of these factors are reviewed. Discussion on the impact of environmental factors will focus on the impact of education and inter-group contact on xenophobic attitudes. The factors that influence xenophobia are clearly multifaceted, though conclusions about the extent to which environment and genetics play roles in the development of xenophobia and its by-products (racism, ethnocentrism, etc.) will require more research.


Recommended by Prof. Brian Stipp, School of Education

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.