Scholarship of Discovery
Aside from being the first African American to compete in the U.S. Open, Shippen was also one of America’s earliest native-born club professionals and a pioneer for African Americans in the elite, white world of early twentieth century golf.
Lowe, Stephen, "John Matthew Shippen" (2004). Faculty Scholarship – History. 11.
Reference entry on John Matthew Shippen, accepted for publication in the Historical Dictionary of African Americans in Sport (M.E. Sharpe, 2004).