Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

William Dean

Second Advisor

David Van Heemst

Third Advisor

Curt Rice

Scholarship Domain(s)

Scholarship of Discovery, Scholarship of Interdisciplinary Integration


Wright was uniquely qualified to see the changing face of America. Born two years after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln and the end of the Civil War, Wright lived to nearly ninety-two years of age. During his lifetime, he lived through the American Industrial Revolution, both World Wars, the Wright Brothers flight, the invention of television.... Architecturally, he straddles the gap between the neoclassical period of the 19th century, marked by the admiration of Greek and Roman architecture, and the modernism of the 20th. Philosophically, he was a product of the early 19th century Romanticism, but followed his own, often conservative, views. Despite the success, he lived a tumultuous life filled with loss, death, and failure. He was divorced twice, suffered the loss of a stepdaughter, and was both publically and financially ruined. However, he rose above tragedy, reinventing his style and public image several times. Throughout it all, he professed a vision of America reinvented, changed by authentic buildings for the American experience.


M.A. in Philosophy of History thesis completed in 2012 for Olivet Nazarene University.