Presentation Title

Female Leaders And Their Beliefs Regarding Weightism When Selecting Protégés

Faculty Mentor(s)

Dr. Darcel Brady, Advisor

Dr. Cathy Anstrom, Reader

Project Type

EdD Colloquium - ONU

Scholarship Domain(s)

Scholarship of Discovery

Presentation Type

Presentation

Abstract

This study focused on women in leadership, and if weight was a consideration in their selection of a protégé. Two races were represented, Black and White, and five age groups (Total n = 87). A mixed methodology study was conducted to evaluate the data. Participants were asked to name traits deemed important for a mentee. The adjectives were quantified, themed and coded. A Fisher’s Exact Test was conducted to test the relationship between the themed word selection by race and by age. The Weight Implicit Association Test (IAT) was administered to capture implicit and explicit scores regarding weight. The range was from -3 indicating a strong preference for thin women, to +3 suggesting a strong preference for overweight women. Zero indicated no preference. Implicit bias for race was evaluated using a Mann-Whitney U test. A Kruskal Wallis H test analyzed implicit and explicit bias by age groups. An independent t-test was conducted to evaluate explicit bias for race. There was no statistically significant relationship between stated characteristics by age or race, nor when comparing race and age groups within implicit and explicit scores. However, the overall implicit mean score of -1.98, and an explicit mean of 0.17 indicated the participants had a slight to moderate implicit preference towards thin women yet believed they had very little explicit preference regarding weight. More research should be conducted on how women bypass an implicit preference to find proteges who embody their personal trait selection.

Permission type

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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Apr 18th, 11:30 AM Apr 18th, 11:45 AM

Female Leaders And Their Beliefs Regarding Weightism When Selecting Protégés

Wisner Auditorium

This study focused on women in leadership, and if weight was a consideration in their selection of a protégé. Two races were represented, Black and White, and five age groups (Total n = 87). A mixed methodology study was conducted to evaluate the data. Participants were asked to name traits deemed important for a mentee. The adjectives were quantified, themed and coded. A Fisher’s Exact Test was conducted to test the relationship between the themed word selection by race and by age. The Weight Implicit Association Test (IAT) was administered to capture implicit and explicit scores regarding weight. The range was from -3 indicating a strong preference for thin women, to +3 suggesting a strong preference for overweight women. Zero indicated no preference. Implicit bias for race was evaluated using a Mann-Whitney U test. A Kruskal Wallis H test analyzed implicit and explicit bias by age groups. An independent t-test was conducted to evaluate explicit bias for race. There was no statistically significant relationship between stated characteristics by age or race, nor when comparing race and age groups within implicit and explicit scores. However, the overall implicit mean score of -1.98, and an explicit mean of 0.17 indicated the participants had a slight to moderate implicit preference towards thin women yet believed they had very little explicit preference regarding weight. More research should be conducted on how women bypass an implicit preference to find proteges who embody their personal trait selection.